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Robert Lewandowski: Under The Hood of a Goalscoring Machine


With 51 goals in 43 appearances across all competitions for Bayern, Robert Lewandowski is in the midst of his most prolific season ever. With the Bundesliga and German Cup in his back pocket, the Polish striker will be looking to crown this campaign with his first Champions League title. As attention turns to Bayern’s quest for success in Europe, we look at his goalscoring ability and how he has elevated his game to another level.

By: Fabian Moers

With the announcement that the 2020 Ballon d’Or will not be awarded this year due to the coronavirus-enforced break in play, Robert Lewandowski will feel pretty hard done by. By the end of June, Lewandowski’s goals had propelled Bayern to a Bundesliga and DFB-Pokal double. His goals in the league (34 in total) made him the highest single-season foreign goalscorer in history. With another six goals in the German cup – including two in the final to seal the deal in a 4-2 win against Bayer Leverkusen – and 11 more in the Champions League, Lewandowski has scored more goals in all competitions than any other player across Europe’s Top Five Leagues this season:

Goals in Europe's Top 5 Leagues 2019/20

For Lewandowski, it has been undoubtedly the best season of his career. Remarkably, the 31-year-old is averaging a goal every 74 minutes and he’s already scored 11 goals more than last year and eight more than in his previous personal best (43 goals in 2016/17).

The consistency of Lewandowski’s production is phenomenal. Since 2015/16, he has scored 40 or more goals in every season. The only player who has kept pace with the Pole is a certain Lionel Messi, but the Argentine will need to score an unlikely 10 more times to hit the 40-goal milestone in 2019/20.  In his 285 competitive games for Bayern, Lewandowski has scored a total of 242 goals, averaging a goal every 99 minutes. This is a goalscoring machine at its best.

Robert Lewandowski goals for bayern

Lewandowski has taken his game to another level this season. After being the top scorer in the Bundesliga (34) and in the German cup (6), the Bayern phenom is also the current leading scorer in the Champions League (11). The Pole could become the first player since Ruud van Nistelrooy in 2002/03 to take home a hat-trick of golden boots in league, cup and European action – neither Cristiano Ronaldo nor Lionel Messi have ever achieved this.

So, what’s his secret?

Elite In The Box

Since joining Bayern back in 2014, Lewandowski has increased his Expected Goals (xG) total each season. This campaign, he is averaging a staggering 1.1 xG every 90 minutes. Put simply, the chances Lewandowski attempts are worth over one goal every game. This figure is nearly double as many as in his first season at Bayern (0.6). His consistently high xG values show that his impressive goal tally is not just a product of overperforming, but rather the result of generating good goalscoring opportunities.

Robert Lewandowski xG per season for Bayern

Year after year, Robert Lewandowski gets himself in better goalscoring positions. He has perfected the art of creating space and chances for himself in crucial areas of the pitch. The below graphic illustrates this perfectly: look at the cluster of shots he’s taken in this season’s Champions League.

Lewandowski Shot Maps in Champions League

In the current Champions League campaign, no player has scored as many non-penalty goals (10) or taken shots from higher quality chances (8.6 xG) as Lewandowski. As the size of the dots shows, Lewandowski is mainly taking shots from good quality locations with a high xG value and avoids shooting from further afield.

The Complete Forward

Lewandowski is the target man in Bayern’s attack, but he is far more than a poacher – he is a crucial cog in Bayern’s build-up play.

In the 2019/20 Bundesliga campaign, Lewandowski was involved in a league-high 43 open play sequences that ended with a goal. If we remove those sequences that Lewandowski himself scored (27), he was involved in 16 open play sequences that ended in a goal scored by one of his teammates, the highest value among all strikers in the competition.

Open Play Sequences Ending In a Goal - Bundesliga 2019/20

RankPlayerTeamGames PlayedMinutes PlayedOpen Play Sequences Ending In a Goal
1R. LewandowskiBayern Munich31276243
2T. MüllerBayern Munich33225936
3J. SanchoBorussia Dortmund32229130
4A. HakimiBorussia Dortmund33271629
5T. HazardBorussia Dortmund33238828

Indeed, while Lewandowski has registered only four assists in the latest Bundesliga season, we can use Expected Assists (xA) to analyse how many assists Lewandowski *should* have had based on the quality of his passes. According to this metric, Lewandowski’s open play passes in the recent Bundesliga campaign were worth seven assists, so he was unfortunate not to have three more assists to add to his season total of four.

Lewandowski Key Pass Map Bundesliga 2019/20

His total of 7.1 xA this campaign is his highest tally.  The 31-year-old has massively improved his creative abilities over the last two years, nearly increasing his xA value threefold (he registered 2.8 xA in 2017/18).

A complete forward, Lewandowski works for the team, creates chances for his teammates and is heavily involved in build-up play. Bayern’s last Champions League game in the first leg of their round of last 16 against Chelsea can be used as a perfect example for Lewandowski’s all-around qualities. He was everywhere.

Lewandowski Touch Map v Chelsea in Champions League

Lewandowski’s touches at Stamford Bridge on February 25th (from left to right)

In that game, Robert Lewandowski recorded two assists in a single Champions League game for the first time in his career, assisting the first two Bayern goals for Serge Gnabry, before scoring the last goal himself to seal a 3-0 win at Stamford Bridge. Perhaps 2020 would have been Lewandowski’s best chance to break Lionel Messi’s and Cristiano Ronaldo’s stranglehold on the Ballon D’Or trophy, but the way his game is improving every season – coupled with the inevitable decline of Messi and Ronaldo – means that the Polish goalscoring machine will have another crack at the accolade in 2021 and beyond.

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